Haiti is a mountainous country located 600 miles southeast of Florida. Neighboring the Dominican Republic, both countries make up the island of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean. Haiti’s official languages are French and Creole.
Haiti, once called the Pearl of Antilles, is now considered to be the least developed nation and the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. The following are some pertinent statistics regarding Haitian children and the population in general by World Bank, CIA World Fact, Doctors Without Borders, USAID, UNICEF and other local and global organizations:
- 19% of children under 5 years of age are underweight; 80 out of 1,000 children die before the age of 5
- Malaria, Tuberculosis, and other major infectious diseases among children are prevalent – the incidence of tuberculosis in Haiti is
more than 10 times higher than the rest of Latin America
- Poverty has forced parents to give away their precious children to be used as “restavecs“ (unpaid household servants) in “upper
class” homes. The number of children involves in such cases is estimated to be 225,000 per year.
- Half of Haitian children are unvaccinated – Only 40% of the population have access to basic health care
- 90% of Haitian children have suffered from waterborne disease and intestinal parasites – this is due to running water not readily
available to 75%+ households in Haiti
- Education – Enrollment rate for primary school is 67% and fewer than 30% reach 6th
- Most Haitians live on $2.00 or less per day
- Median age is 20 years
- Life expectancy at birth is 61 years
- Fertility rate is 3.81
- 80% of the population living below the poverty line
- 54% of the population living in abject poverty grade – Literacy rate is 52.9%
- On January 12, 2010, a massive earthquake struck the impoverished nation that claimed the lives of some two hundred thousands
individuals and left many more injured. Thousands were displaced living in camps and makeshifts homes. Unfortumately the living
conditions for many have not improved since.
- On October 6, 2016, Haiti was hit by one of the strongest tropical storms – a category 4 landfall since Cleo hit Haiti in
1964 - Nine hundred lives were lost and thousands more are now homeless. The damages in the aftermath of hurricane Matthew
left people speechless and surely made recovery from the 2010 earthquake a lot more difficult.
SOME PERTINENT FATCS ABOUT HAITI